Symptoms of Gout
En Español (Spanish Version)

The symptoms of gout usually come on suddenly and severely often called attacks. There may be a single attack of gout or recurrent attacks. A single gout attack usually only affects only one joint, but recurrent attacks may affect more than one joint. The big toe is the most common site of attacks. Other common sites include the ankle, heel, foot instep, wrist, elbow, or fingers.

Gout of the Big Toe

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Attack symptoms often develop rapidly overnight and worsen over the next 24-48 hours. Common symptoms in the joint include:

  • Severe pain and sensitivity of the joint
  • Extreme tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Warmth
Recurrent attacks can lead to permanent joint damage especially if gout remains untreated. Uric acids can build up and create deposits called tophi. They can lead to:

  • Hard lumps under the skin near or around joints
  • Hard lumps at the rim of the ear, fingertips, cornea of eye, aorta, spine, or around brain
High levels of uric acid in the body can also lead to complications in other areas of the body such as kidney disease.




References:
Gout. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases_And_Conditions/Gout. Updated September 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014.

Gout. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.

Gout. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Gout/gout_ff.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 5, 2014.

Pittman JR, Bross MH. Diagnosis and management of gout. Am Fam Physician. 1999;59(7):1799-1806.

Last Reviewed May 2014



Health Information Library content is provided by EBSCO Publishing, fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

 

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

 

To send comments or feedback to EBSCO's Editorial Team regarding the content please e-mail healthlibrarysupport@ebscohost.com.